Sexual assault

Sexual assault is an assault of a sexual nature on another person, or any sexual act committed without consent. Although sexual assaults most frequently are by a man on a woman, it may involve any combination of two or more men, women and children. The term sexual assault is used, in public discourse, as a generic… Read More »

Sexual abuse

Sexual abuse, also referred to as molestation, is the forcing of undesired sexual behavior by one person upon another. When that force is immediate, of short duration, or infrequent, it is called sexual assault. The offender is referred to as a sexual abuser or (often pejoratively) molester. The term also covers any behavior by any… Read More »

Physical abuse

Physical abuse is an act of another party involving contact intended to cause feelings of physical pain, injury, or other physical suffering or bodily harm. Physical abuse has been described among animals too, for example among the Adélie penguins. In most cases, children are the victims of physical abuse, but adults can be the sufferers… Read More »

Emotional abuse

Emotional abuse, also referred to as Psychological abuse or mental abuse, is a form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another to behavior that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder. Such abuse is often associated with situations of power imbalance, such as abusive relationships, bullying, child abuse… Read More »

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapeutic approach that addresses dysfunctional emotions, maladaptive behaviors and cognitive processes and contents through a number of goal-oriented, explicit systematic procedures. The name refers to behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, and to therapy based upon a combination of basic behavioral and cognitive principles and research. CBT is thought to be effective… Read More »

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is a proprietary psychotherapy in which the patient recalls a traumatic event while simultaneously undergoing bilateral stimulation that can consist of moving the eyes from side to side, vibrations or tapping movements on different sides of the body, or tones delivered through one ear, then the other, via headphones.… Read More »

Diagnostic criteria for PTSD

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), formerly known as “traumatic neurosis,” may occur in practically anyone who has been exposed to an overwhelmingly traumatic event. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is the development of characteristic symptoms following exposure to an extreme traumatic stressor. A diagnosis of PTSD is based on criteria listed in the DSM-IV-TR (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual… Read More »

PTSD symptoms

Symptoms are changes in the human body. Symptoms are ways that people feel or ways that their bodies appear. These are things that show if a person has a disease. What are the PTSD symptoms? There are four types of symptoms of PTSD: Reliving the traumatic event (flashbacks, intrusive memories, etc.) Avoiding things that remind you of the traumatic… Read More »

Traumatic memories

The management of traumatic memories is important when treating mental health disorders such as post traumatic stress disorder. Traumatic memories can cause life problems even to individuals who do not meet the diagnostic criteria for a mental health disorder. They result from traumatic experiences, including natural disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis; violent events such… Read More »

Post traumatic stress

Post traumatic stress is also known as acute stress response or acute stress reaction (also called acute stress disorder, the fight-or-flight response, psychological shock, or mental shock). Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) is a relatively new trauma-related diagnosis, which was officially assigned a diagnostic category in 1994 to differentiate it from the more widely recognized PTSD. By… Read More »

Anxiety disorder

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to any event that results in psychological trauma. This event may involve the threat of death to oneself or to someone else, or to one’s own or someone else’s physical, sexual, or psychological integrity, overwhelming the individual’s ability to cope. Posttraumatic stress… Read More »

Psychological trauma

Psychological trauma is a type of damage to the psyche that occurs as a result of a severely distressing event. The word ‘trauma’ is derived from the Greek term for ‘wound’. Psychological trauma (also defined as emotional trauma) is caused by an adverse experience, or series of experiences, that result in an injury that changes… Read More »

How do you get PTSD?

How do you get PTSD? You can get PTSD by living through or seeing something (being witness) that’s upsetting and dangerous. You can get PTSD after some traumatic events like: Being a victim of or seeing violence The death or serious illness of a loved one War, combat, natural disaster Car accidents and plane crashes Hurricanes,… Read More »